Liveblogging the 2019 Nordic Innovation Conference, Seattle (6)–“Panel: Livable Oceans–the Role of Technology”

Amy Scarton, Moderator, Washington Department of Transportation Assistant Secretary; Per Reinhall, Professor University of Washington; Lasse Karlsen, Director of Technology, Norwegian Maritime Authority; Joshua Berger, Director of Maritime, Washington State; Olivier Cadet, President Kongsberg Maritime

  1. Lasse Karlsen, on autonomous ships, and new ship technologies; want by 2050 reduce fossil fuels by 90%; Norway a testbed. Autonomous ships save energy consumption.
  2. Berger, Washington State Governor’s Maritime Sector Lead; liaison role. Want to accelerate a “blue economy.” Using Norway and Nordics as a model. OECD says ocean economy by 2030 could double. Strategy Planning (released in January 2019): Work for Thriving, Low Carbon Industry; Global Innovation Hub; Growing Gateways; 21st Century Workforce; World-Class Cluster. (See Washington State Department of Commerce); Triple Helix, Private Sector, Government, Research organizations, plus workforce participation
  3. AI displaces tasks, not jobs (Olivier Cadet, President North American Region, Kongsberg Maritime)
  4. Berger: regulation sets ecosystem to help support new technology, and gives targets; Cadet says Norway has such an ecosystem
  5. Comment: in Norway, operator of the technology is responsible for its impact; another comment, yes: going into elevator today is safe, even without a person operating elevator (autonomous vehicle) because of previous regulation and licensing; Berger: regulators and industry working together makes it easier to assume risk
  6. Comment: as with aircraft, probable that autonomous systems backed up with people

Liveblogging the 2018 Nordic Innovation Conference, Seattle (5)–Ericsson Speakers on Ericsson 5G Broadband Innovation

Peter Linder (5G in North America), Ericsson, Lunch Keynote; along with Ulf Edwaldsson (5G History from Day1); Robert McCrorey, (5G Innovation in Seattle)

Peter Linder(5G in North America):

1. Today in North America 95% population covered by mobile broadband; 18 Billion connected devices in 2017; 8x worldwide data traffic jump from 2017 to 2023

2. USA per-capita smartphone penetration = 93%; actual people 77% (some have more than one mobile device)

3. Projections: Total mobile traffic grows 8x between 2017 and 2013; in 2023 global 5G traffic is 20%; Video grows 10 times, reaching 75% of total traffic (each of THESE video bits have less information value); today mostly text and pictures

4. Global market for operator service revenue $1.5 T; 2026 only 1.5% more, $1.736; opportunity, digitalization revenues will grow from $968B to $3.458B, 13.6% growth

5. Opportunities (scale driven versus performance-driven; Ericsson has chart with 400-use cases):

5.1  Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB); performance-driven

5.2 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)–example, Verizon, with fixed 15M BB; 100M mobile; they see 30M more household–fiber close to user, then 5G;

5.3 Massive IoT (scale driven)

5.4 Critical IoT (example: self-driving cars)

6. Revenue potential 5G for operators; adding an addressable 36% revenue growth potential

7. Ten most important industries; Manufacturing the largest (18%); agriculture the smallest, about 1% (has pie chart of these segments)

8. “It is all about use-case evolution”

Ex: enhanced mobile broadband from current: screens everywhere, to 5G experience: immersive experience

9. Ericsson pushing to accelerate develop of global standard; expand 5G ecosystems beyond mobile; execute a variety of 5G proof of concept trials; develop insights on 5G industry potential

Ulf Edwaldsson, (5G History from Day1):

10. was CTO; CIO; now advisor to CEO

11. Innovation: “Most things start on a napkin.” In 2012, in San Diego, CTO meeting spoke of next generation

12. “Telecom is a totally standardized industry;” everything has to talk to everything else; standards from 1876; licensing is key

13. Nordic broadband wireless innovation generations: NT (1G); 2002 then 2G (GSM); in 2012, mobile traffic 5 Exabytes (18 zeroes;1 EB = 10006bytes = 1018bytes = 1000000000000000000B = 1000 petabytes = 1millionterabytes = 1billiongigabytes.), as many as every word the human race has ever spoken; about 4.5B subscribers; then 4G

13.1 each generation about 10 years in this technology

14. Today 4G coverage about 55% in world; in next 4 years, 85% (real smartphone experience)

15. Latency; battery life (aim for 10 years’ battery life on any sensor); AI technology based on “sensors everywhere” looping back on itself

16. China wants 5G to modernize its entire industry; “China is a company; the entire nation is a company” so watch their approach; 5G will be a race to modernize industries worldwide (some countries will be left behind)

Robert McCrorey, (5G Innovation in Seattle); works in local Bellevue office; T-Mobile his main client

17. In technology industry, you work with people from all over the world; in Ericsson, 25% employees in R&D; half employees in service (“innovation happens in service as well”); industry founded by Bell in 1876; Ericsson founded in 1876 as well;

18. now ever-increasing impact on society; yet every new positive innovation also brings new problems; ex: social issues with smart phones; RF radiation; Ericsson is willing to discuss technological problems as well as advantages

19. Ericsson has about 10,000 USA employees; HQ in Plano, TX; Net sales $6.093 B (FY 2017); 500 employees in Bellevue; largest customers: att; rogers; sprint; century link etc.

20. Some people say 5G widespread deployment in 2020; yet that period really is about early use-cases; innovations will cycle rapidly the more deployment is done




Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (5)- Case Study Competition, Ohio University team

Day 2 in Nashville, Tennessee, for the 15th Conference of ITERA–the Information & Telecommunications Education & Research Association.

This afternoon session is the annual Case Study Competition.

The case problem this year is medical records technology, policy, and business. Presenters have 20 minutes, then 5 minutes Q&A.

The second team is Ohio University. Athens, Ohio–not to be confused with Athens, Greece, they say.

They open with a problem statement, after giving a light-hearted introduction to their university (Hint: they are NOT Ohio State).

Health information technology they say was fronted by $35 Billion transition costs. This led to a standards and interoperability framework. The team suggests an encrypted email solution for records transfer.

The team proposes a National Health Information Service Provider (NHISP). They call for a state HISP in every state, interacting in a national schema.

For individuals, the team suggests a smart card health card solution. Security in PIN-based.

The team shows a project lifecycle slide. Costs are $142.4 Million per state.

They want a cloud-based solution for resilience and to mitigate maintenance costs.

Judges ask about training program; what about continuing education? Answer, a public-private consortium of providers will handle this at state level.

Judge asks about national organizational infrastructure? Team has not covered this, they say.

Judge asks technical question–how does the team’s system allow clients to connect? Answer, apparently existing Internet.

Judge: National standards connecting with international? Team says international server gate on each coast; nodes in USA embassies would manage overseas.





Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (4)- Case Study Competition, Ball State University goes first

Day 2 in Nashville, Tennessee, for the 15th Conference of ITERA–the Information & Telecommunications Education & Research Association.

This afternoon session is the annual Case Study Competition.

The case problem this year is medical records technology, policy, and business. Presenters have 20 minutes, then 5 minutes Q&A.

The four teams are from Ball State University, James Madison University, Murray State University, Ohio University.

The team representatives draw for presentation order. Ball State University goes first. (Disclaimer: Ball State is also my home university.)

Their team does an overview, then presents a user’s perspective. Now they are into the systems perspective. They have a major focus on information security; they have a double-wall security architecture.

The team has an Implementation section to their presentation. Feasibility is first part. They have training involved, nationwide. Then they forecast an international phase. The will then do a live roll-out.

The team then presents its Cost section. Budget has networking, hardware, consulting fees, year support (optional).

The judges are pressing the presenters on details technically and economically.


Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (3)-Tod Fetherling, CEO, Perception Health

Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (3)-Tod Fetherling, CEO, Perception Health

This is the afternoon keynote, Day 1.

“The Future of Analytics” — will speak on these topics, among others:

  • Today is the anniversary of the founding of the Internet, today in 1969 (07 April 1969), ARPANET
  • The future of anlaytics begins in the network and begins today!
  • Tesla just announced “Omnimics” Fetherling’s term–the state of knowing before you think it

In Nashville, has HIT (Health Information Technology) Workforce Accelerator, has online option

Started his company in August 2014; manage 4B records; 170M more each month

“Be ready for that first job; you will probably get a lot of curve balls you haven’t seen yet.”

Nashville has 1500 open IT jobs now; needs “everyone here in the room” to come to work in Nashville

Sometimes when you look at data, it’s the simple things that matter (obvious anomaly, for example)

Do the right things; do them right (Right Things/Things Right);

Predictive health analytics in 10 years may save more lives than physician interventions

The promise of Big Data; “you have to present information on Big Data about three times to top executives before they really get it”

  • don’t believe it
  • like the other vendor better
  • maybe yours is better

“Six Honest Serving Men” by Rudyard Kipling

  1. What,
  2. Where,
  3. When,
  4. How,
  5. Why,
  6. Who

CCD, health record on iPhone (more secure than most office health systems); also on android

Too many hospitals in USA; most health care can be outpatient and more and more telehealth.

Advice: put $1000 in HSA and $100 month the rest of their life; you would not have to worry about health care costs the rest of your life

Health insurance, average $14,000 annually for health insurance; in general employer $1000/month; employer $12,000 employee $4,000 a year.

New health care paradigm: informed, money-driven, transparent; not like now, bundle payment around medical episode

Where innovation comes from: small groups


  • Descriptive (statistics, “the old science”)
  • Predictive
  • Prescriptive (this is the future)

“Asking the Right Questions = Gain Understanding and Wisdom”

Health Data types:

  • CCDA – Comprehensive Clinical Document Architecture
  • CCD – Continuity of Care Document
  • ADT Admission, Discharge, Transfer
  • 837/835 claims
  • Clinical Notes
  • Biometrics (API’s)

Three opportunities for companies:

  1. PHR (Personal Health Records) (individual)
  2. EHR (Electronic Health Records) (community)
  3. EMR (Electronic Medical Records) (proprietary) [today’s bad guys, since they don’t want records to move]

Need to curate the data:

  • Compiling the Data is Step 1
  • Quality of the Data
  • Magnitude of the Data
  • Usefulness of the Data
  • TImeliness of the Data

Do I have the right data?

  • check the sum
  • validate against known answers
  • do quality check early on in the process
  • create a “golden” dataset

Data Governance:

  • 9 steps of data governance model–has slide on this (3 layers: People & organization/Rules of engagement/Processes)
  • audit of usage (should you be seeing the data?)

Good book called “Doodle”

Data Visualizations:

Shows ecosystem map of hospital market; then quadrant analysis of this; the technology has shrunk how fast someone can do strategy now; we are thinking of how to explain markets to people

Tools (Prepare Data: (use Notepad; Excel; Monarch; SPSS [IBM bought them; now expensive] use R–open source); Databases:

Characteristics of Big Data (describes data sets so large & complex they are impractical to manage with traditional software tools)


“Big Data relates to data creation, storage, retrieval and analysis that is remarkable in terms of volume, velocity, and variety”

CRISP-DM model

“If you can write it, you can code it”

Predictive Modeling; found good results with Random Forrest model

More opportunities for you, in this era, than I had when I was in your position.





Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (2)-Tim Obermier

Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (2) -Tim Obermier of the University of Nebraska, Kearney, Information Networking and Telecommunications program

“Economic Impact of Unwanted Telecom Services in Rural Areas”

Lincoln NE, 268,738 people, 100 Mbps, $65 month

Aurora, NE population 4465, 7 Mbps, $50 month

thus the rural town pays more per megabit

research project:

Internet Access Cost, by Mbps, by city classification, delivery method, for broadband, rural compared to urban

Cities classifications: Metro class  300K (only Omaha); Primary class 100-300K; First class; Second class; Village class [defines First, Second, Village as rural]

Congressional act: 47 USC 254 (b)(3) Access in rural and high cost areas; Rural Internet cost cost/speed = Urban

Lit review: Katz R (2012) broadband essential to economic growth

FCC broadband data speeds have increased from 2010

CTIA (2015) 355M wireless devices in USA; 47% households have no landlands

Professor data: Average cost for broadband 25Mbps down/3 up;

rural pays 8.5% more than urban for all delivery methods; DSL 170% more than urban in Nebraska

Unwanted telecom services: landline (yet required by tariff); conclusion $30 Million unwanted cost for whole state, annually





Liveblogging the 15th ITERA Conference Nashville (1)-Opening Session Andy Snow, Research Award Winner

I’m in Nashville, Tennessee for the 15th conference of ITERA, the Information & Telecommunications Education & Research Association.

Michael Ramage, Professor at Murray State University, ITERA President is opening the conference.

Professor Phil Campbell (Ohio University) is Chairman of ITERA. He introduces the conference as a community of scholars, no matter whether you are a veteran or a new scholar.

Professor Andy Snow, also of Ohio University, has won ITERA’s Lifetime Research Award Winner, will give the morning keynote. He has served in telecommunications in the military, then at University of Pittsburgh, then Georgia State University, now in the McClure School of Information & Telecommunication Systems.

Dr. Snow says while we are called to be specialists and experts, “life is general,” and we also need to be generalists.

Background: Job titles: “Signal Officer, Electronic Engineer, Member of Technical Staff, Manager, Director, Vice President, General Manager, President, Chairman, Professor.”

BSEE (1970) and Master of Engineering in US Army Signal Corps. OK with the experience, but found out “I hated operations,” he says.

“Figure out where you will fit” in your career. See if you want to be on the front end, or back end.

Went from Member of Technical Staff to Vice President for Engineering with 500 people and budget of $100 million.

Then did startups. Then 20 years almost to the day, in 1992 at age 44 with two kids in college and one in high school, went for Ph.D. at University of Pittsburgh. First Ph.D. from their Telecommunications program. Done in five years.

Dissertation on network resiliency, on the public switched telecommunications network. Also has researched “IT and Telecom/Networking” Project Management.

Liked teaching; decided to do full-time. Needed “union card” called “Ph.D.” Teaching was good yet liked to work on problems, so research was good for him.

Research Methods, graduate course for the last 10 years (Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed methods).

Key things:

  • research methods are good for industry and academic
  • pick good/interesting research questions
  • importance of random sampling and random assignment
  • know how to develop a good survey (avoid double-barrelled questions; avoid leading questions)
  • statistics can help (correlation is not necessarily causation; watch for hidden variables; and the more plausible the correlation, the more it tempts people to “throwaway science” conclusions)
  • you don’t have to defend the null hypothesis
  • ethics matter (“I’ve seen people fired for plagiarism” in industry; recounts story that his 2006 IEEE proceedings paper was reprinted in another journal in 2016, without any change of any word except the name of the authors. Dr. Snow has notified the IEEE.)

Come up with questions; then figure where you are going to get the data; then get some findings.

Types of Quantitative Research:

Experimental; Quasi-Experimental (same except convenience sample of elements); Non-Experimental. Degree of establishing causality goes up at each category listed above, from most to less.

Dr. Snow reports on research about project management; conclusions show positive bias in assessing project status; “if a PM applies bias, it is twice as likely to be optimistic as pessimistic.”










Attending professional conferences: Dispatch from European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship

I have been thinking about professional activity lately, and the place of professional conferences. I’ll post about that topic another time, in more depth.

For now, I’ll just note that in calendar year 2016, I have attended eight conferences. Four of those have happened since the Fall semester started in August 2016.

I will reproduce in this post the headline and lede from my dispatch for Network World, on the   11th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, held in September 2016 at Jyväskylä, Finland.

[Click the link above or here for the whole article.]

Triple-helix touted for tech growth

The Practice of Weblogging at the Center for Information and Communication Sciences

At the Center for Information and Communication Sciences at Ball State University, our Human Factors Institute has conducted a long-running experiment in producing weblogs for professionals.

Starting about 2003, the Center’s weblog community has hosted about 50-75 weblogs a year. For comparison, when our 20,000-student university itself hosted an undergraduate weblog recruiting project, they featured about a dozen freshman and sophomore bloggers per year.

So the Center’s weblog community has hosted more than 650 bloggers over its 13 years of existence. It’s one of the longest-running and biggest weblog projects in information systems education in the USA.

As such, virtually every master’s degree candidate that works in the Center writes a professional weblog. I believe we may be the only graduate program, or one of few, that requires production of a weblog information product of its candidates, rather than as a personal elective.

Of course, many people produce weblogs in today’s knowledge society.

That’s the point. If you are going to leverage the internet for professional development and global visibility, you have to be a player, not an onlooker.

Center alumnus Joel Patrick, who helped initiate the Human Factors Institute weblog endeavor, estimates that of 100 people who interact with weblogs on the internet, 90 are readers only, 9 further make comments, and only 1 of 100 actually writes a weblog, presumably reading and commenting as well.

Thank you to the 2016-2017 Center Weblog architects, Dallas Stiller and Matthias Tankersley, under the direction of the Center’s Chief Technology Officer, Kirsten Smith.

Liveblogging 2016 Intelligent Community Forum Summit-Day 2–Keynote by Bob West

Now at Intelligent Community Forum (ICF)Summit 2016, Day 2.

At the Center for Information and Communication Sciences, we are vitally concerned with the social impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). That’s why the “smart cities” movement worldwide is of interest to us, and an area in which we do research and development.

Bob West, Managing Director, CareWorks Tech

Characteristics of Intelligent Cities:

  • Leverage technology
  • Efficient
  • Economical
  • Competitive
  • Attract and Retain Business
  • Inclusive Prosperity

Older model of security: Outside the wall is dangerous and bad, inside the wall is safe and good. West says that wasn’t true then, now even less–too simplistic a view for our own good, especially for cities and communities.

From a city perspective: access to systems, by whom, for what–these are the key security questions.

Security, like governance, should be built into everything you do in a city context.

They do lots of scenario planning. “What if?” exercises. It’s a comprehensive approach, involving everybody in the city administration.

Security Smart Cities site


Answer to Question: Five most important things in city computing security?

  1. Have security as part of governance
  2. Write security policy
  3. Make sure people know the policy (the problem is managing peoples’ behavior)
  4. What does my architecture look like; so what’s the security component of the architecture (must have a sound computing architecture; foundational, integrating security as part of the foundation)
  5. Be prepared to deal with security issues, and breaches–they will happen